Dependant on your procedure you may be asked to stop taking your oestrogen-containing oral contraceptives. Below is some information about alternative contraceptive methods.
Simply put barrier methods of contraception block sperm from entering the uterus. Using a spermicide with a barrier method gives you the best possible barrier method protection.
- The spermicide kills most of the sperm that enter the vagina.
- The barrier method then blocks any remaining sperm from passing through the cervix to fertilize an egg.
Barrier methods include the diaphragm, cervical cap, male condom, and female condom and spermicidal foam, sponges, and film. Unlike other methods of contraception barrier methods are used only during have sexual intercourse. Be sure to read the instructions before using a barrier method. It is very important that you use a barrier method correctly every time you have sex.
Advantages of all barrier methods
Barrier methods of birth control:
- Do not affect future fertility.
- Are only used during sexual intercourse.
- Are safe for a woman to use while she is breastfeeding.
- Do not affect other health conditions, such as high blood pressure or diabetes .
Condoms and diaphragms may reduce the risk of cervical cancer, which is caused by a sexually transmitted human papillomavirus. Condoms also are the best method for reducing the risk of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.
Barrier methods of contraceptives vary in how effective they are in preventing pregnancy. They also vary in how effective they are at preventing STIs.
|BARRIER||FAILURE RATE*||EFFECTIVENESS IN PREVENTING STIS|
|Male condom||18 (spermicide further lowers this failure rate)||Most effective|
|Female condom||21||Somewhat effective|
|Diaphragm with spermicide||12||Limited effectiveness|
|Spermicide||28||Not effective if used alone; may actually increase risk of getting HIV/AIDS|
|Sponge with spermicide||12 (no past vaginal childbirth)24 (past vaginal childbirth)||Limited effectiveness|
|Cervical cap with spermicide||16 (no past vaginal childbirth)32 (past vaginal childbirth)||Limited effectiveness|
|*Failure rate equals the number of pregnancies that occur out of 100 women in the first year of use.|
If you have any questions about the best alternative birth control methods we recommend speaking to your GP.