What is Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia or ‘man boobs’ is a condition where the men’s or boy’s breast tissue is swollen. This is often caused by an imbalance of hormones. It can be experienced at any age throughout a man’s life. Newborns and boys going through puberty often experience gynecomastia. However, some men can experience this in adulthood. While the condition does not cause any other health issues and is not physically painful, it can be detrimental to a man’s self-esteem and mental health.
Male breast reduction surgery is the surgical solution for those who have gynecomastia. Male breast reduction surgery involves liposuction, and can also involve gland or skin removal.
All our plastic surgeons are on the GMC specialist register. An accredited surgeon on the specialist register means you can therefore be assured your surgeon has the qualifications, experience and skills to perform your procedure and manage your aftercare to the very highest standards.
Why choose Centre for Surgery for your male chest reduction procedure?
- Over 15 years experience in all types of gynecomastia surgery – liposuction, gland excision and skin reduction
- We own and manage our own surgical facilities. Properly performed gynecomastia surgery takes time and should not be rushed. Our surgeons perform a maximum of two male breast reduction procedures in a day. We do not cram 5-6 procedures into one day like other providers. You want your surgeon to be well-rested and mentally and physically sharp to perform male chest reduction to get the very best results.
- Our gynecomastia surgeons live and work in London. We don’t work with ‘fly-in, fly-out’ surgeons from Italy. This is very important because whilst your surgeon takes all precautions to minimise complications from gynecomastia surgery, complications can and do occur and our surgeons are readily available to manage any issues if and when they arise.
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Male chest reduction
Gynecomastia, the medical term for “enlarged male breasts” or “man boobs” is a common condition among men. It can develop at various times in life and for a variety of reasons. In infant boys, it’s usually the result of being exposed to excess hormones from the mother during pregnancy or breastfeeding. However, this usually disappears as the infant grows. Teenage boys can develop enlargement of one or both breasts as a result of hormonal changes during puberty. However, this also often disappears after puberty.
Gynecomastia becomes a problem in men when enlarged breasts develop and never go away. Most of the time, this is the result of weight gain and the accumulation of fat in the chest region. However, the enlarged breasts can consist of glandular tissue at times. Sometimes man boobs are the result of changes in hormones with age, but it is rare. Enlarged breasts in men can also be caused by medical conditions, such as tumours, kidney disease, or liver disease. However, the most common reason for the development of man boobs is excessive weight gain. And for this, male breast reduction liposuction is an option.
If you have overdeveloped breasts and feel self-conscious about the appearance of your chest, liposuction treatment with surgical excision can correct the problem. Liposuction with surgical excision is a highly effective treatment for the removal of the localised excess fatty and glandular tissues in the breast region. This creates a leaner, flatter appearance.
Ideal candidates for male breast reduction
A good candidate for male chest reduction will have a positive outlook and realistic expectations of the outcome of the procedure. He will be undergoing male breast reduction for personal reasons, and not to satisfy anyone else.
There is no optimum age for a male breast reduction patient, but he should have skin with enough elasticity so that it will contour well to the chest’s new shape. Older patients have sometimes lost elasticity in their skin, so their results won’t be as satisfactory as in a younger patient.
A good candidate for male chest reduction should be as close to his ideal weight as possible. Being overweight can contribute to gynecomastia, so try to lose the weight with diet and exercise before you pursue surgery. Also, non-smokers are better candidates than smokers because smoking interferes with the healing process. If you smoke, you will need to quit at least six weeks before surgery.
If you are considering having male breast reduction surgery, you may wish to explore your financial options.
Male breast reduction procedure
We use ClearSleep anaesthesia for gynecomastia surgery. This enables the surgeon to work in optimal conditions to give you the best possible result. We would not recommend local anaesthesia for this procedure other than in exceptional cases.
Gynecomastia surgery at Centre for Surgery can address the 3 main components of fat, gland and skin. The three techniques for treating gynecomastia are:
- Gland excision
- Skin reduction
The most common technique of treating gynecomastia and pseudogynecomastia involves using liposuction with minimal access techniques. Once the liposuction is performed, the surgeon will make a small incision around the lower half of the areola to remove the glandular tissue. Liposuction is ineffective at removing the hard glandular tissue. At Centre for Surgery, the liposuction method used for male breast reduction is known as ClearLipo™.
The ClearLipo™ of liposuction coupled with minimally invasive gland excision technique greatly improves on older techniques by offering:
- Smaller incisions
- Quicker recovery
- Less bleeding
- More pleasing aesthetic appearance
The liposuction procedure involves tiny incisions on the side of the chest. Most men have breast enlargement due to fat and this is, therefore, the ideal technique for removal of fat. The liposuction technique can also be used to remove softer glandular tissue of the breast, using specially designed flattened cannulas specially developed for gynecomastia surgery. Most glands, however, will require surgical gland excision.
The second step of treatment for male breast reduction involves a half moon incision around the lower border of the areola followed by removal of the glandular tissue of the breast using meticulous techniques. The procedure focuses on removal of glandular tissue rather than fat. Liposuction is not suitable as a standalone treatment for those with dense and fibrous glandular component to their gynecomastia.
For men with significant degrees of skin laxity, skin reduction may be required to tighten the chest. The procedure involves making a circumferential incision around the areola and reducing the surrounding skin. In some cases, the surgeon may decide to do liposuction and gland excision first and if skin laxity persists, the skin reduction could be done as a second stage procedure under a local anaesthetic.
When the procedure is completed, absorbent pads and the compression garment will be applied and you will be discharged after a short stay in our recovery unit.
Surgeons at Centre for Surgery are fully trained in all techniques for gynecomastia surgery for the three main components of fat, gland and skin.
Male breast reduction is an extremely safe procedure and most patients are extremely satisfied. However, as with all surgical procedures complications sometimes occur.
There will be small (2-3mm) scars which will initially be red. Over a number of weeks, however, these should fade to fine white lines.
Following liposuction, the skin retracts, however in some people – particularly those who are older – it may not retract fully. If this happens, the excess skin may need to be removed at a later date.
There is the possibility of skin irregularities, however, this is minimised by the use of specially designed cannulas.
Prior to undergoing your procedure, it is good to understand the risks involved if you travel abroad for cosmetic surgery.
Recovery after gynecomastia surgery
This procedure is performed as an outpatient surgery, so you can go home once the effects of your anaesthetic have worn off. Most patients leave after about one hour to spend the rest of their recovery at home.
Downtime is minimal and you can get back to your normal routine almost immediately.
There will be a degree of bruising and swelling so you should plan to pause rigourous exercise until 6 weeks after the procedure. You can start light exercise after about 2 weeks.
In rare cases during gland excision and as a precaution, the surgeon may elect to place a drain at the site of the surgery. This will be removed 48-72 hours later.
You will be given written post-operative instructions and a follow-up appointment will be arranged for you in six weeks.
You will also be prescribed painkillers and antibiotics after your male breast reduction.
You will need to arrange transport as you will not be able to drive for 24 hours. A responsible adult must be with you for at least 24 hours after the procedure.
You can expect your recovery to be rapid but there will be some swelling and bruising of the treated area. You can help reduce this by wearing a firm support garment for at least three days or until the fluid drainage stops.
The worst of the swelling will subside in the first few weeks, however, it may be as much as two months before the full effect of the male breast reduction surgery is apparent.
It is common to experience some numbness or tingling of the skin soon after your procedure but this should settle rapidly.
It is important not to engage in vigorous activities for the first five days after surgery.
You may return to work and resume most of your normal activities after three weeks and begin to exercise after six weeks.
You will see your surgeon the day after your surgery and at specified intervals during the weeks following your surgery. This is done so that the surgeon can personally monitor your recovery process, and to ensure that you have the best results possible.
Gynecomastia before and after
What is male chest reduction?Male chest reduction surgery addresses excess fat, gland and skin to flatten but also contour the male chest to achieve a masculine look.
The surgical options are:
- Gland excision
- Skin reduction
What is gynecomastia?Gynecomastia is also referred to as man boobs. Gynecomastia is a fairly common condition
It is important to differentiate true gynecomastia from pseudogynecomastia when planning treatment. The treatment of pseudogynecomastia entails weight loss through diet and exercise.
Gynecomastia proper can only be addressed with surgical treatment.
Is male breast reduction right for me?If you have large breasts and you are in good health then you may be a good candidate for male breast reduction.
Your weight should be stable.
What should I do before surgery?Smoking should be stopped
Medications which cause bleeding should be stopped prior to the male breast reduction procedure.
How long does male breast reduction take?Male breast reduction takes about 2-3 hours. This will vary depending on the type of procedure you are having and your overall body mass index.
What does the male chest reduction procedure involve?Liposuction - for fat removal
Gland excision - for removal of dense fibrous glands
Skin reduction - for removal of skin laxity
What anaesthetic is used?Gynecomastia surgery will be performed under a ClearSleep general anaesthetic. This means you will be pain-free throughout the whole procedure.
How long is the recovery after male breast augmentation?There will be swelling and bruising after the procedure. This may last up to two weeks. You may wish to take pain medication to help with any symptoms, particularly in the first few days.
Swelling may continue and impact you seeing the final results. You may notice the final results after two months.
How long should the compression garment be worn for?The compression garment should be worn for a minimum of 3 weeks continously day and night. Your surgeon may then determine that you can wear the garment at night only for the next 3 weeks but this varies by patient and type of procedure undertaken.
When can I return to work following male chest reduction surgery?We would advise 1 week off but this will vary on the individual patient and the type of work he undertakes.
When can I start exercising?You can start mild exercise after two weeks. You can resume your usual physical activities after six weeks.
Rigorous exercise and heavy lifting should be avoided for the first 6 weeks. The risk of haematoma is increased if you start heavy activity too soon.
What are the risks with male breast reduction?There is a small risk of bleeding, infection and blood clots after the procedure. These are very rare and are minimised by following a meticulous surgical technique.
Compression garments will also help to reduce the risk of developing a haematoma after surgery.
How long do the results last following male reduction surgery?Glandular tissue that has been removed will never grow back.
This also applies to fat removed via liposuction and the best way to prevent fat cells from regrowing is to maintain a healthy diet combined with a regular programme of physical exercise.
What To Expect
Find the right time
Our friendly and knowledgeable patient coordinators will speak with you to learn about your requirements, it’s all confidential and your information will be used to assess whether liposuction is right for you. If the procedure is right for you, we’ll organise a convenient date and time for you to visit to come and visit Marianne, our patient relationship manager at our bespoke central London clinic at 106 Crawford Street.
Crisalix 3D imaging
Marianne will take time to listen to your needs and requirements and you you will receive a complementary 3D Crisalix scan to enhance your experience. Marianne will give you a rough idea of guide prices at this stage. You can then be booked in to to see a surgeon of your choice based on their individual field of expertise.
At the surgical consultation, you will meet directly with the plastic surgeon. The surgeon will thoroughly assess you to determine your suitability and advise of the best options for you. Your surgeon will then explain how the procedure will work including our innovative ClearSleep™ anaesthesia technique for those who chose to be asleep for their procedure. You will receive your personalised quote the next working day from your patient coordinator.